A few days back, while hosting a television program “Sawal Yeh Hay“, Dr. Muhammad Farooq Khan expressed his opinion that if a person is suffering from such a disease, due to which, it is necessary for him to take his medicines at least thrice a day, but otherwise his general health is good, then during the month of Ramadan, he should fast but take medicine during Sahar1, then at noon and then after Aftar2.
Do you agree with Dr. Muhammad Farooq Khan? If yes, then please refer to those Nasoos3 of Qur’an and Sunnah on which your opinion is based.
As far as I know Qur’an explicitly describes what a patient should do during Ramadan. Either he should fast after Ramadan when he is healthy and complete the number of fasts, or if he does not expect that he could ever be so healthy, he should feed a poor person, once against each fast.
I would tend to differ with the referred opinion of Dr. Mohammad Farooq Khan, which he reportedly expressed on a television program. I agree with you that the referred issue has been explicitly mentioned in the Qur’an and in such a case, there seems to be no room for anyone’s opinion or ijtihad. The Qur’an has specifically mentioned that if anyone is not well and due to his illness, is not in a position to fast, he should complete the number of fasts missed, during other days. Prior to this final directive regarding completing the number of fasts missed, during the month of Ramadhan, the Qur’an had also given Muslims the option that if someone was not in a position to fast due to illness, he may complete the numbers so missed during other days or if he can afford to do so, he should feed a poor person (Al-Baqarah 2: 184) for each fast missed. Later on, the Qur’an removed the allowance of feeding a poor and directed the Muslims that if they are in any way incapacitated to fast during Ramadan, they should now complete the number of fasts that they had to miss because of their illness or journey (Al-Baqarah 2: 185).
On the basis of the stated directives of the Qur’an , I tend to agree with you that if a person is temporarily incapacitated from fasting because of any illness, he should then complete the number of fasts that he had to miss, during other days. While if he is permanently incapacitated from fasting, he should then feed a poor person as a penance for each fast thus missed.
23rd March 1999