Jazak Allah Khairan for having such a nice web site.
I know that it is permissible to do qasr (shortening of prayers) and jamaa (combining prayers) when traveling, e.g. Zuhr/Asr and Maghrib/Ishaa.
If one is traveling back home can one do jama`1 on arriving home e.g. arrive home at Asr time and say Zuhr as qasr and jama` with complete Asr. Similarly on arriving home late night say Mahgrib jama` with complete Ishaa.
Jazak Allah SWT.
Thank you for your encouraging remarks on our web site. May the Almighty guide us to the path of His liking and help us in promoting His true guidance to mankind.
The question that you have asked clearly pertains to a situation in which the Shari`ah has only given us a basic guidance and has left the application of this guidance on various circumstances and situations to our understanding of the situations. The basic guidance provided by the Shari`ah is the allowance to shorten and to combine prayers, while in a state of traveling. Nevertheless, what exactly constitutes ‘traveling’, does ‘traveling’ imply a state of traveling or a minimum distance traveled and a number of similar issues have been left to our understanding and interpretation of the Qur’anic guidance and our application of this guidance on the particular situation that we are in. Like these issues, your question also pertains to an issue in which the Shari`ah has not given any clear directive. On the contrary, an answer shall have to be derived on the basis of our understanding and interpretation of the Qur’anic guidance, on the one hand and our application of this guidance on the circumstances and the situation surrounding us, on the other.
In the situation that you have laid down, one can hold any of the following two opinions: Firstly, one may hold that because one of the two prayers being combined had become obligatory on us and had also expired (as far as its prescribed time, under normal circumstances, is concerned), while we were in a state of a journey, therefore, we may offer it in its shortened form, even after we have reached our destination. If this be one’s opinion, then one may offer the former of the two prayers being combined, in its shortened form and the latter in its complete form, after reaching home.
Secondly, one may hold the opinion that, although, the prayer had become obligatory, while we were in a state of a journey, yet the allowance should only be benefited from while one is, actually, in a state of traveling.
One may ascribe to and act according to any of the two opinions that he feels to be more in concordance with his understanding of the Qur’anic allowance and his application on the particular situation. Furthermore, there may also be a variance in one’s application on the basis of his physical and mental strength and agility. If, for instance, one feels extremely exhausted after a tiresome journey, one may opt for the easier of the two ways. On the other hand, if one feels up to the mark, and wants to offer his complete prayer, there would be absolutely no harm in doing so.
26th April 2000
- i.e. combining prayers. [↩]