I like to know the definition of “Fasiq”. Who can be considered as Fasiq?
I have heard that if someone commits a sin he becomes a Fasiq. What does this mean?
“Faasiq” is the subject or the nominative form from the root “Fa-Seen-Qaaf” (فسق). The basic verb derived from the referred root means “he disobeyed”. From a purely literal perspective, the subject or the nominative form of this verb (i.e. Faasiq) would mean “the one who disobeys”. Nevertheless, it should be kept in mind that in the classical Arabic language, the attributive noun or the nominative noun, when used as an attribute, is used to imply a degree of severity and perpetuation than the mere existence of the meaning entailed in the verb. Thus, for instance, the word “Saariq”1 (سارق), would not always merely imply one, who has stolen something, but would actually mean a “Thief”, or one who would generally steal things, who lives by stealing things etc.
Keeping the foregoing explanation in perspective, the noun Faasiq, unless clearly implied otherwise by the context and the structure of the sentence in which it is used, would generally entail a more severe meaning than merely “one who has disobeyed”. In most cases, it should be translated as “a disobedient person”. In other words, the verb “فسق“ (he disobeyed) can be used for a trivial incident of not following the directives of an authority, but the noun “فاسق“ would generally be used to imply a more permanent attitude of disobedience in a person.
I hope this helps.
March 19, 2002
- Derived from the root “سرق“, meaning “He stole”. [↩]