Is it haraam for women to recite the adhan when a group of women are praying together?
Adhan, as we know, is the call to prayers. Adhan should be recited a few minutes before the beginning of every congregational prayer, whenever the public at large is to be invited to and informed regarding such congregational prayer. Such is normally the case only in mosques. In case of other prayers that are offered in groups, normally there is no intention to invite the public at large. For instance, a group of men or women in a particular workplace may decide to offer their prayers in a group, without the intention or the desire to invite the public in their congregation. In such a case, obviously, Adhan would not be recited. Adhan is a public call and should therefore be recited only when the public at large is intended to be invited for prayer.
In cases of group prayers where only a particular group is to be informed regarding the beginning of prayers – and there is no intention to invite the public at large – recitation of Iqaamah alone shall suffice. The difference between Adhan and Iqaamah is that Adhan is an open invitation to the general public to come and offer their prayers with the group giving the invitation, while Iqaamah is the announcement – addressed only to those that are already present and await the beginning of the prayer – regarding the commencement of the prayers.
Keeping this explanation in perspective, I think that the group of women that want to pray together – and do not intend to give a public invitation to prayers – shall not recite the Adhan but any one of them may recite the Iqaamah to inform those that are present regarding the commencement of the prayers.
25th February 1999