Allah is Justice. But we still go to a court, which is not Allah’s Justice. Why?
Making a system of justice – passing laws, making courts of law, hearing cases, passing judgments etc. – are all a part of delivering ‘possible’ justice in the life of this world. God’s justice would, indeed, rule supreme on the Day of Judgment, when man shall be held responsible for each of his ‘evil’ actions, ‘wrongful’ decisions and ‘unjust’ judgments. However, till the Day of Judgment, man is allowed the authority to make his choices – between right and wrong – as a part of the test, which man is faced with during the life of this world. As a requirement of carrying out this test, God has allowed humans the respite from directly deciding between them and implementing upon them His absolute justice. If such had not been the case, then the test of man would have terminated with his first mistake, as God’s justice would have then been implemented upon him, immediately.
The formation of courts of law, to settle our mutual disputes or to deliver ‘possible’ justice to those who are wrongfully deprived of their rights, should not be seen as a refusal of God’s Justice, but as a means of forming a peaceful and serene society, till the time that God, with His absolute Knowledge, wisdom, mercy and justice decides between us.
It should be remembered that the formation of the courts of law for the settlement of our mutual disputes, for the stated purposes, was also promoted by the prophets of God.
I hope this helps.
September 17, 2001